The AU/OAU Golden Jubilee
Achievements and future challenges
This year’s Africa Day 25 May is the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). It was replaced in 2002 by the African Union (AU).
The OAU was best known for its long and finally victorious decolonization struggle and the often problematic defence of African sovereignty and support for liberation struggle leaders.
The OAU was also important in achieving consensus around a set of core principles and norms governing a pan-African political order favouring sovereign equality and non-interference.
For the AU, improving the record on governance and human rights will become more important, as will policy action on youth unemployment, economic development, food security, and other areas.